A Census of Eddies in the Tropical Eastern Boundary of the Indian Ocean

M. F. Azis Ismail*, J. Ribbe, T. Arifin, A. Taofiqurohman, D. Anggoro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Indo-Australian Basin (IAB) constitutes a crucial water route for the global ocean's circulation between the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Locally generated eddies contribute to the continued westward transport of water away from the IAB. In this paper, results from the first comprehensive regional ocean eddy census are discussed. A hybrid eddy census and tracking algorithm is used to analyze satellite altimetry data from 1993 to 2018. A total of 2,792 eddies were identified and tracked. Cyclonic eddies and anticyclonic eddies exhibit geographical segregation in terms of their dynamic characteristics. Larger amplitudes, radii, and absolute vorticities are associated with high eddy kinetic energy regions located in the vicinity of the South Java Current, South Equatorial Current, and Indonesian Throughflow. The eddies are grouped into three duration-based classifications providing the first systematic insight into understanding their physical characteristics, formation, and distribution in the IAB.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2021JC017204
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
Volume126
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

Keywords

  • Indian Ocean
  • Indo-Australian Basin
  • altimetry
  • census
  • eddies

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