A Combination Model of Shifting Joint Angle Changes With 3D-Deep Convolutional Neural Network to Recognize Human Activity

Endang Sri Rahayu, Eko Mulyanto Yuniarno, I. Ketut Eddy Purnama, Mauridhi Hery Purnomo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Research in the field of human activity recognition is very interesting due to its potential for various applications such as in the field of medical rehabilitation. The need to advance its development has become increasingly necessary to enable efficient detection and response to a wide range of movements. Current recognition methods rely on calculating changes in joint distance to classify activity patterns. Therefore, a different approach is required to identify the direction of movement to distinguish activities exhibiting similar joint distance changes but differing motion directions, such as sitting and standing. The research conducted in this study focused on determining the direction of movement using an innovative joint angle shift approach. By analyzing the joint angle shift value between specific joints and reference points in the sequence of activity frames, the research enabled the detection of variations in activity direction. The joint angle shift method was combined with a Deep Convolutional Neural Network (DCNN) model to classify 3D datasets encompassing spatial-temporal information from RGB-D video image data. Model performance was evaluated using the confusion matrix. The results show that the model successfully classified nine activities in the Florence 3D Actions dataset, including sitting and standing, obtaining an accuracy of (96.72 ± 0.83)%. In addition, to evaluate its robustness, this model was tested on the UTKinect Action3D dataset, obtaining an accuracy of 97.44%, proving that state-of-the-art performance has been achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1078-1089
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • Combination model
  • deep convolutional neural network
  • human activity recognition
  • shifting joint angles


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