A Mixed-Integer Linear Programming-Based Power Allocation of Supercapacitor-Battery Energy Storage for Off-Grid Applications

Niken Adriaty Basyarach, Vita Lystianingrum Budiharto Putri, Muhammad Fauzan Gusti Triyanto, I. Made Yulistya Negara, Ardyono Priyadi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Climate change significantly impacts the demand for more renewable energy sources. Exploring renewable energy solutions such as photovoltaics (PV) is critical to solving the challenges of intermittent energy supply and power fluctuations. These concerns can be mitigated by adopting proper energy storage technology. A hybrid energy storage system (HESS) integrates several storage elements with complementary charge and discharge characteristics to generate the required energy and power. Their power and energy densities can distinguish different types of energy storage systems. Combining supercapacitor and battery energy storage technologies can help with intermittent energy supplies. This research proposes a strategy for attaining the most efficient power distribution for HESS using renewable energy systems such as PV. A mixed integer linear programming (MILP) method is used. Then, this method is compared to the rule-based approach to achieve the best HESS power allocation. This research study proposes a method for determining the optimal quantity of electricity to employ in various energy storage systems. The goal is to lower each storage system's total project cost (TPC) and operation and maintenance (O&M) costs. The simulation funding reveals that the charge and discharge values are larger than the MILP method when using a rule-based approach. The total power cost, or HESS power cost, in the MILP method, is lower than in the rule-based approach, with a difference of $0.081517.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationICT-PEP 2023 - 2023 International Conference on Technology and Policy in Energy and Electric Power
Subtitle of host publicationDecarbonizing the Power Sector: Opportunities and Challenges for Renewable Energy Integration, Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages162-167
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9798350369717
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event5th International Conference on Technology and Policy in Energy and Electric Power, ICT-PEP 2023 - Jakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 2 Oct 20233 Oct 2023

Publication series

NameICT-PEP 2023 - 2023 International Conference on Technology and Policy in Energy and Electric Power: Decarbonizing the Power Sector: Opportunities and Challenges for Renewable Energy Integration, Proceedings

Conference

Conference5th International Conference on Technology and Policy in Energy and Electric Power, ICT-PEP 2023
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityJakarta
Period2/10/233/10/23

Keywords

  • battery
  • hybrid energy storage system
  • mixed integer linear programming
  • optimization
  • photovoltaics
  • power allocation
  • rule-based
  • supercapacitor

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