A novel selective and sensitive electrochemical sensor for insulin detection has been fabricated and investigated. The electrochemical sensor was made from a mixture of silica gel, chitosan and nickel hydroxide (Ni(OH)2) nanoparticles, which was mounted on a silver wire and covered by a glass tube (silica gel/chitosan/Ni(OH)2 nanoparticles paste electrode). The sensor was characterized using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The anodic and cathodic currents of the silica gel/chitosan paste electrode with Ni(OH)2 are 580 μA and -750 μA, respectively. Without Ni(OH)2, however, the currents are 150 μA and -250 μA, respectively. The sensitivity and limit of detection of the silica gel/chitosan/Ni(OH)2 nanoparticle paste electrode for insulin detection are 5573 × 105 pA/pMcm2 and 0.25 pM, respectively. The sensor also shows good reproducibility of measurement for 35 days with an RSD of 0.29%. The fabricated electrodes also show good reproducibility, with an RSD of 1.39%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)496-502
Number of pages7
JournalIndonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2016


  • Chitosan
  • Insulin
  • Nickel hydroxide nanoparticles
  • Silica gel


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