A review of geopolymer membrane for water treatment

Nurlina Nurlina, Jeesica Hermayanti Pratama, Agung Bagus Pambudi, Zeni Rahmawati, Subaer Subaer, Mohd Mustafa Al Bakri Abdullah, Gusrizal Gusrizal, Hamzah Fansuri*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Geopolymer has gained enormous attention in recent years owing to its ease of preparation, low-cost process, and excellent properties. These superiorities result in an extensive application of geopolymers, one of them being membrane technology for wastewater treatment. This review explains the development of geopolymer membrane modification aiming at the optimum performance in wastewater filtration. The modification mainly addresses certain properties, such as porosity and mechanical strength. Subsequently, this article underlines the application of composite material with reinforcement and pore-forming agents to address those characteristics. A profound description of the manufacturing technique is also described, especially the direct pore-forming, dip-coating, and composite methods. Furthermore, the state-of-the-art and cutting-edge geopolymer alteration to hinder fouling phenomena, such as photocatalyst addition as a membrane bioreactor, is thoroughly discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107301
JournalApplied Clay Science
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024


  • Geopolymer
  • Membrane
  • Photocatalysts
  • Pore-forming agents
  • Wastewater treatment


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