AC particle-triggered corona discharge in low pressure SF6 gas

Yulistya Negara*, Kohei Yaji, Kiminobu Imasaka, Noriyuki Hayashi, Junya Suehiro, Masanori Hara

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


This paper deals with ac particle-triggered corona discharge as a follow-up to our previous research with dc voltage to clarify the particle-triggered corona discharge process in SF6 gas. Corona current pulses, charges associated with a corona current pulse, and corona light pulses were observed with an aluminum ellipsoidal particle suspended in a parallel plane electrode system under a SF6 gas pressure range of 30 kPa ≤ P ≤ 50 kPa by changing the particle position. Corona mode, phase (Φ)-charge (q) characteristics as well as corona discharge processes were discussed and the following results were obtained. Ac corona mode depended on the instantaneous applied voltage, voltage gradient as well as the particle position and then, the Φ-q characteristics were also affected by those parameters. Charges flow into the floating particle due to coronas on the both tips of particle and excite field fluctuations around the opposite side of particle in addition to the applied ac field. The field fluctuation in SF6 gas by the corona charges was about 4% of the applied field and much lower than that in air gap which was about 70%. That is, the corona development was suppressed effectively by high electron affinity of SF6 gas even in the case of floating particle. The less effective interference between coronas on the both side of particle in SF6 gas results in an obscure local minimum in the breakdown voltage characteristics as the particle is in the vicinity of electrode as contrasted with a drastic fall in the breakdown voltage by the particle in air.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-100
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Ac corona mode
  • Ac particle-triggered corona process
  • GIS
  • SF
  • Φ-q characteristic


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