Alkali treatment of lignocellulosic fibers extracted from sugarcane bagasse: Composition, structure, properties

András Bartos*, Juliana Anggono, Ágnes Elvira Farkas, Dávid Kun, Felycia Edi Soetaredjo, János Móczó, Antoni, Hariyati Purwaningsih, Béla Pukánszky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

87 Citations (Scopus)


Lignocellulosic fibers extracted from sugarcane bagasse were treated with NaOH solutions of different concentration (0-40 wt%) to study the effect of alkali treatment on the composition, structure and properties of the fibers. Composition was determined by the van Soest method, structure was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), while mechanical properties by tensile testing. Hemicellulose and lignin content decrease, while cellulose content goes through a maximum as a function of alkali concentration. Crystallinity changes only slightly and microfibril angle (MFA) remains constant thus structural effects and especially MFA are not the primary reasons for changing properties. The Young's modulus of the fibers shows a slight maximum at around 2-4 wt% NaOH content, while tensile strength goes through a much more pronounced one at around 5-8 wt%. Direct correlation between structure and mechanical properties was not found indicating that composition is more important in the determination of properties than structure. Regression analysis proved that the combination of several compositional variables determines mechanical properties in a non-linear manner. The improvement in fiber properties was explained with the dissolution of weak amorphous fractions and the relative increase of cellulose content.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106549
JournalPolymer Testing
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020


  • Chemical composition
  • Crystallinity
  • Mechanical properties
  • Microfibril angle


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