Aluminosilicates Catalysts Synthesis from Low-Grade Indonesian Kaolin for the Acetalization Reaction

Hartati Hartati*, Qurrota A’yuni, Nastiti Heru Saputri, Dea Zaqiatul Mardho, Putri Bintang Dea Firda, Hartono Hartono, Hasliza Bahruji, Reva Edra Nugraha, Novia Amalia Sholeha, Didik Prasetyoko*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Aluminosilicate and ZSM-5 catalyst were synthesized from local materials, low-grade Indonesian kaolin. High quartz impurities content in the low-grade kaolin was successfully reduced by the consecutive treatment process including washing, centrifugation, and Fe3+ treatment. All the synthesized catalyst showed mesoporous structure with pore diameter around 3.5 nm. The catalytic activity was investigated in the acetalization of 3,4-dimethoxybenzaldehyde and propylene glycol, then the effect of a different base (TPAOH and NaOH) and Fe3+ addition in the treatment process to the catalytic activity was discussed. The catalytic activity of the aluminosilicate catalyst outperforms the ZSM-5. Interestingly, it is found that the catalytic activity of the catalyst can be enhanced by addition of Fe3+ in the aluminosilicate, with enhanced the conversion from 32.2% to 81.6%, whereas Fe3+ addition to ZSM-5 showed slightly increased conversion value from 0% to 3.65%. All catalysts showed high selectivity of 100% of the reaction product 2-(3,4-dimethoxy-phenyl)-4-methyl-1,3-dioxolane.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • Fe
  • ZSM-5
  • acetalization
  • aluminosilicate
  • kaolin
  • local materials


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