Amine-functionalized porous silica production via ex- and in-situ method using silicate precursors as a selective adsorbent for CO2 capture applications

Hendrix Abdul Ajiz, W. Widiyastuti*, Heru Setyawan, Tantular Nurtono

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A comparison of the amine-modified silica particle's characteristics via ex- and in-situ routes and their application as a CO2 gas adsorbent is reported. Modifying silica particles via ex-situ involves two separate steps: forming porous silica particles with sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS) as a template and impregnation using ultrasound assistance. In contrast to ex-situ modification, in-situ modification of silica particles is carried out in one step by mixing directly between the silica source and the modifying agent. Controlling the characteristics of modified silica particles via in-situ is carried out by adding an SLS template removed simultaneously with particle formation to increase the surface area and porosity. Increasing the SLS template concentration shows a linear relationship between increasing particle surface area and amine loading. However, two different modification routes exert a direct influence on aminopropyl distribution. Silanization via in-situ which involves a simultaneous condensation reaction produces a higher amine loading reaching 1.2845 mmol/g of silica than via ex-situ which is only 0.9610 mmol/g of silica. The amount of aminopropyl that can be grafted on the silica surface shows a linear relationship to the quantity of CO2 gas adsorption capacity. Amine-modified silica particles obtained the highest adsorption capability via the in-situ route with an SLS 3 CMC template of 2.32 mmol/g silica at an operating pressure of 6 bar.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere26691
JournalHeliyon
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2024

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Amino silane
  • Carbon capture
  • Sodium silicate
  • Surface modification

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