ANOVA Decomposition and Importance Variable Process in Multivariate Adaptive Regression Spline Model

Bambang Widjanarko Otok*, Agnes Tuti Rumiati, Ayub Parlin Ampulembang, Harun Al Azies

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article reviews one of the non-parametric functions, namely the MARS (Multivariate Adaptive Regression Spline) method, a complex combination of recursive partitioning and spline regression. The many advantages of the MARS function over other non-parametric regression functions are of interest to researchers. One of them is it can accommodate the additive and interaction model to improve the prediction and interpretation of the data. There are some important things in the MARS method, namely, ANOVA decomposition and Importance Variable. Decomposition ANOVA is a technique in MARS that is useful for grouping basis function based on variables engagement, whether they enter by one variable or interactions with other variables, making it easier to interpret in graphical form. In comparison, the important variables are a technique that can be used to determine which predictor variables most influence the MARS modeling. This study assesses ANOVA decomposition, and the important variables process in MARS modeling based on GCV and MSE criteria. We use the poverty rate modeling data on Java Island to implement the study results. The results show that the MARS model's interpretation of the poverty rate can be better done through ANOVA decomposition. Besides that, based on GCV and MSE criteria, the result also shows that the biggest variable importance in poverty rate modeling on Java Island is the percentage of per capita expenditure for food, while the smallest is the economic growth variable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)928-934
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • ANOVA decomposition
  • GCV
  • MARS
  • MSE
  • importance variable


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