Antibacterial Characteristic of Impregnated-Activated-Zeolite/Alumina/Glass-Ionomer-Cement Composites

Yudyanto*, Isnindar Tandya Asri, Hartatiek, Nurul Hidayat

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


In this present paper, we introduce the beneficial use of Indonesian activated natural zeolite, precisely from Malang area, for a potential restorative material after combined with alumina and glass ionomer cement. The activated zeolite was previously impregnated by copper (II) chloride prior to prepare the composites of impregnated-activated-zeolite/alumina/glassionomer-cement composites. The X-ray fluorescence (XRF) test results support the X-ray diffraction (XRD) data in revealing the crystalline phase contents. The composites comprise of mordenite, sanidine, quartz, orthoferrosilite, and tolbachite. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) photographs dictate the uniform CuCl2 impregnation to the activated zeolite. The CuCl2 impregnation, moreover the addition of alumina crystalline powder and GIC polymer, increase the density of activated zeolite. Finally, the impregnated-activated-zeolite/alumina/glassionomer-cement composites exhibit acceptable mechanical and antibacterial characteristics for dental restorative implants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012039
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event2017 International Conference on Mathematics, Science, and Education, ICoMSE 2017 - Malang, East Java, Indonesia
Duration: 29 Aug 201730 Aug 2017


  • Antibacterial
  • mechanical strength
  • phase compositions
  • restorative material


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