The need for residential buildings has been increasing over time. Because a residential building has a long-life cycle and influences the life of the community in which it is situated, it is necessary to assess performance in terms of social sustainability. Social sustainability is a component of sustainable development that has a relationship with community interest. This study proposes a framework for evaluating the social sustainability of residential buildings using social network analysis (SNA) and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation (FCE). We use SNA to visualize relationships between the stakeholders with their interests pertaining to social sustainability variables or criteria. FCE is applied to quantify the perceptions of stakeholders regarding the performance of the social sustainability criteria. The assessment framework compares the stakeholders’ expectations with existing performance to determine whether the building has provided maximum benefits to society. We applied the framework to a real case involving a residential building in Indonesia to demonstrate its efficacy. The results demonstrate that the model is capable of assessing the social sustainability performance in this type of construction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-45
Number of pages13
JournalSustainability: Science, Practice, and Policy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Social sustainability
  • fuzzy comprehensive evaluation
  • residential building
  • social network analysis


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