Atmospheric phase delay correction of PS-InSAR to Monitor Land Subsidence in Surabaya

Toifatul Ulma, Ira Mutiara Anjasmara*, Noorlaila Hayati

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Atmospheric phase delay is one of the most significant errors limiting the accuracy of Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) results. In this research, we used the Generic Atmospheric Correction Online Service for InSAR (GACOS) data to correct the tropospheric delay modeling from the persistent scatterers' InSAR monitoring. Eighty-one (81) Sentinel-1A images and tropospheric delay maps from GACOS monitored land subsidence in Surabaya city between 2017 and 2019. InSAR processing was carried out using the GMTSAR software, continued with StaMPS and TRAIN, which were used to correct the tropospheric delay of PSInSAR-derived deformation measurements. The results before and after the atmospheric phase delay correction using GACOS were confirmed and analyzed in the main subsidence area. The findings of the experiments reveal that the atmospheric phase affects the mean LOS velocity results to some extent. The average difference between PS-InSAR before and after tropospheric correction is 1.734 mm/year with a standard deviation of 0.550 mm/year. The significance test of the two variables, 95%, showed that the tropospheric correction with GACOS data could affect the PS-InSAR results. Furthermore, GACOS correction may increase the error at some points, which could be due to its turbulence data's low accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012033
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2021
EventGeomatics International Conference 2021, GEOICON 2021 - Virtual, Online, Indonesia
Duration: 27 Jul 2021 → …


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