Pollution of the marine environment has become a global issue, including marine pollution from ballast water. The impact is it can damage ecosystems and even affect humans. Therefore, pollution from ballast water is something that must be prevented by ballast water treatment. In this research, the author carried out a modeling simulation on a heat exchanger with a mechanical-type ballast water treatment method by utilizing the heat generated by the ship's engine. Heat is used to kill microorganisms. So that the ballast water becomes cleaner than without treatment. In this research, the calculation of the need for heat exchangers on certain types of ships with certain sizes is carried out. In this calculation, the ship used is a container type with 3 categories based on cargo capacity and ballast tank capacity. Then the heat from the exhaust gases is used to heat the ballast water of the ship. The simulation results show that the maximum ballast water temperature of each ship category is in the range of 68-75 C. With this temperature, it is sufficient to kill and reduce microorganisms in the ballast water.
|IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
|Published - 2023
|10th International Seminar on Ocean, Coastal Engineering, Environmental and Natural Disaster Management, ISOCEEN 2022 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 29 Nov 2022 → …