Carrying capacity and environmental capacity analysis based on ecosystem services in Surabaya

F. Firmansyah*, E. Umilia, M. Yusuf, N. A. Pratomoatmojo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Surabaya City is experiencing rapid development. This rapid development of the city can affect the decline in environmental quality. Carrying capacity and environmental capacity are conceptual units that has a close relationship with ecosystem services. The higher the ecosystem services of a region, the higher the ability of the environment to support human life. This study aims to determine the carrying capacity and environmental capacity of the environment in Surabaya based on the value of its ecosystem services. This study is done by calculating the Ecosystem Services Index (ESI) and the Important Ecosystem Services Index (IESI) in Surabaya from 39 types of ecosystem services. The results show that the type of ecosystem services for dwelling (social space) and ecosystem services for cultivation (business/economic space) have the highest ESI values with 0.693335 and 0.632751 values respectively. Moreover, the type of water regulating, and drought prevention ecosystem services and flood control ecosystem services have the lowest ESI values with 0.400491 and 0.398209 values, respectively. Based on the IESI, Surabaya is in class III or moderate level with 29894.0967 Ha extent or 84.15% of the city's total area.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012027
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sept 2020
Externally publishedYes
EventCITIES 2019 International Conference: Spatial Planning in The Digital Age To Achieve Sustainable Development - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 16 Oct 2019 → …


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