Catalytic effect of Al2TiO5 on the dehydrogenation properties of LiAlH4

M. Ismail*, N. A. Ali, N. A. Sazelee, S. Suwarno*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lithium alanate (LiAlH4) is considered as a promising material for storing hydrogen (H2) in solid-state form for onboard applications due to its advantage of high gravimetric H2 capacity. LiAlH4 could release H2 ∼7.9 wt.% when heated up to ∼250 °C. Nevertheless, the high desorption temperature, sluggish desorption kinetics, and irreversibility hamper the application of LiAlH4 for solid-state H2 storage materials. Therefore, in this study, we have used aluminum titanate (Al2TiO5) as an additive to diminish the desorption temperature and enhance the desorption kinetics of LiAlH4. The addition of a small amount of Al2TiO5 (5 wt.%) into LiAlH4 significantly decreased the decomposition temperature and enhanced the desorption kinetics, in which Al2TiO5-doped LiAlH4 started to release H2 at ∼90 °C and was able to desorb H2 as much as ∼3.5 wt.% at 90 °C within 1 h. Without the catalyst, pure LiAlH4 starts to release H2 at ∼145 °C and only desorbs H2 as low as 0.3 wt.% at 90 °C within 1 h. The activation energies for H2 release in the two-step desorption process of LiAlH4 were reduced after catalysis with Al2TiO5. The activation energies of as-milled LiAlH4 were 80 kJ/mol and 91 kJ/mol, respectively, as calculated by the Arrhenius plot. The activation energies were lowered to 68 kJ/mol and 79 kJ/mol after milling with Al2TiO5. The scanning electron microscopy images revealed that the LiAlH4 particles became smaller and less agglomerated when Al2TiO5 was added. It is believed that the in-situ formation of active species during the desorption process and reduction in particles size play a vital role in improving the dehydrogenation properties of the Al2TiO5-doped LiAlH4 system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31903-31910
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume47
Issue number74
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Aug 2022

Keywords

  • Aluminum titanate
  • Catalyst
  • Hydrogen storage
  • Lithium alanate

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