Cellulose Acetate/Polyethylene Glycol Composite Beads for Efficient Removal of Methylene Blue

Hikmatun Ni’Mah*, Fira Rizky Ramadhan, Talitha Adella Assegaf, Citra Kartika Asri, Nurul Rahmawati, Firman Kurniawansyah

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The development of eco-friendly and biodegradable adsorbent with excellent adsorption performance is of great importance for the efficient dye removal in wastewater. Herein, an efficient and biodegradable composite adsorbent bead was fabricated from cellulose acetate (CA) modified with low molecular weight polyethylene glycol 200 (PEG200) for the adsorptive removal of methylene blue dye (MB) from aqueous solution. The weight fraction of PEG was varied to investigate the effect of material bead composition on the morphology, molecular structure, crystal phases, thermal stability, mechanical properties, and adsorption performance of the composite beads. Batch adsorption was carried out at various times to estimate the time at equilibrium adsorption capacity and kinetic model. Various operating conditions such as pH, initial MB concentration, and adsorbent dosage in experiment were also executed to examine the adsorption performance of this system. The result showed that all beads have porous structure and the pore size increase after the addition of PEG200. The adsorption capacity and % MB removal generally showed an improvement with the rise of PEG content. The batch adsorption experiments demonstrated that the best % removal and adsorption capacity of MB were 93.35 % and 28.005 mg/g, respectively, that was obtained by composite CA/PEG200 (80/20) bead at pH of 11, initial MB concentration of 30 mg/L, and bead dosage of 1 g/L. The adsorption kinetic fitted well to Elovich-kinetic model with average R2 of 0.844. Overall, this work offers new finding into the development of effective, environmentally friendly, and inexpensive cellulose-based adsorbents for wastewater remediation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-47
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • Cellulose acetate
  • adsorbent
  • composite bead
  • methylene blue
  • polyethylene glycol


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