The frequency of the use of smartphones, laptops, and various other gadgets is increasingly high, as a further effect of current technological advancements, bringing physiological impact to the human body. The most commonly reported physiological impact is a pain in the neck which then spreads to the shoulders, upper arms, forearms, and then will be followed by muscle weakness. This pain is referred to as physiological syndrome or cervical root syndrome (CSR). Besides this state of pain is often referred to as cervical spondylosis (cervical spondylosis). If the pain condition occurs on an ongoing basis, will be able to trigger a hand or neck stroke in someone. CSR can be cured by treatment, such as heating, massage, physiotherapy, drug treatment, muscle traction therapy or commonly called cervical traction. However, the most widely recommended by health experts and neurologists is muscle traction therapy. In this study, a cervical traction device was designed and made on the basis of air-fluid that is more practical, comfortable, and safe and is easily used by the patient, without the assistance of others or nurses. The method used in this study is the Design for Manufacturing, which is a product design method that involves aspects of manufacturing and assembly as well as testing in the development of a product. The design of cervical traction begins with literature studies and observation in Surabaya hospital to find out the working principle of traction, especially traction for cervical muscles. Furthermore, the study of existing products was carried out using existing traction machine tools at the Haji Hospital Surabaya and American Comfortrac Cervical Traction. By considering the results of existing product studies and suggestions given by physiotherapists at Haji Hospital Surabaya, a list of requirements will be created as a basis for developing this cervical traction. From this research a prototype of cervical traction was produced with a new concept that can function to attract and relax cervical muscles, thus helping to prevent strokes that may occur in sufferers of neck, shoulder or back muscle pain. From the simulation software results obtained RULA value of 3 when the tool is used in a sleeping position and RULA value of 2 in a sitting position.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th International Conference on Materials and Metallurgical Engineering and Technology, ICOMMET 2020
EditorsMas Irfan Purbawanto Hidayat, Amaliya Rasyida
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735441743
Publication statusPublished - 30 Dec 2021
Event4th International Conference on Materials and Metallurgical Engineering and Technology, ICOMMET 2020 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 19 Oct 2020 → …

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616


Conference4th International Conference on Materials and Metallurgical Engineering and Technology, ICOMMET 2020
Period19/10/20 → …


  • Cervical root syndrome
  • Design
  • Manufacturing
  • Muscles
  • Prototype
  • Traction


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