Abstract

Moringa oleifera and Camellia sinensis are medicinal plants and usefull for health. Generative propagation of M. oleifera plant is quite difficult because the ability of seed germination is low in its survival is low, the growth takes a long time and the lack of vegetative propagation method. C. sinensis has difficulty in rooting plantation. One alternative to overcome these obstacles is by planting vegetative propagation through biotechnology approach that is in vitro culture techniques and encapsulation techniques that can produce synthetic seeds. The purpose of this research is to know characteristics synthetic seeds of Moringa oleifera and Camelia sinensis. Stages done in this research is induction of embryogenic callus in MS medium which has been modified. The somatic embryo of M. oleifera and C. sinensis obtained will be encapsulated and placed at CaCl2.2H2O, when the seed has been hardened rinsed with aquades. Synthetic seed C. sinensis yellowish green and 5.5 to 5.7 mm in diameter and fresh weight of synthetic seed produced ranges from 260-290 mg. Characteristics of synthetic M. oleifera produced seeds have clear and yellowish-looking embryo, and are 5.8-6.0 mm in diameter and have a fresh weight of 250-300 mg.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012005
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume1040
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Jun 2018
EventInternational Conference on Mathematics and Natural Sciences 2017, IConMNS 2017 - Bali, Indonesia
Duration: 6 Sept 20177 Sept 2017

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