Characteristics of Xerosis, Pruritus, and Pallor in Stage 5 Chronic Kidney Disease Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis at Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung

Reiva Farah Dwiyana*, Laila Tsaqilah, Lilik Sukesi, Setiawan, Erda Avriyanti, Kamelia Utami Suhada, Nazya Irene Zahira

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study aims to delineate the demographic and clinical characteristics of xerosis, pruritus, and pallor among patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) undergoing hemodialysis at Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung. Patients and Methods: This cross-sectional, descriptive study involved the analysis of 139 selected medical records of patients with stage 5 CKD who underwent hemodialysis between July and August 2022. A comprehensive examination was conducted by a dermatovenereologist, and the findings were duly recorded in the patients’ medical records. The documentation encompassed gender, age, employment status, as well as the clinical characteristics of xerosis, pruritus, and pallor. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistical methods. Results: Out of the 139 patients, 70 (50.4%) were male, while 69 (49.6%) were female. The mean (SD) age was 47.6 (11.8) years. The majority of the patients were unemployed (n=96, 69.1%). The median (IQR) duration of hemodialysis was 48 (96.0–24.0) months. The predominant findings were xerosis (n=84, 60.4%) and pallor (n=83, 59.7%), followed by pruritus (n=56, 40.3%). Instances of xerosis were more frequently observed in males, whereas pallor was more prevalent in females. Xerosis and pruritus exhibited higher prevalence in the ≥65 years age group, whereas pallor was more common in the 18–44 years age group. In contrast to xerosis, pruritus and pallor were more frequently noted in the unemployed group. Xerosis was predominantly mild with overall dry skin (ODS) score of one, and it was mainly observed on the patients’ legs. Among those experiencing pruritus, over half displayed a moderate severity with visual analogue scale (VAS) scores ranging from ≥3 to <7. Patients with pallor mostly exhibited hemoglobin levels below 10 g/dL. Conclusion: Xerosis, pruritus, and pallor were prevalent among patients with stage 5 CKD undergoing hemodialysis. These disorders presented with distinct demographic and clinical characteristics. Timely diagnosis and intervention have the potential to enhance the quality of life for these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2613-2621
Number of pages9
JournalClinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CKD
  • dialysis
  • dry skin
  • itch
  • pale skin

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