Described herein is the synthesis of individually silica-coated silver nanoparticles using a reverse micelle method followed by hydrolysis and condensation of tetraethoxysilane (TEOS). The size of a silica-coated silver nanoparticle can be controlled by changing the reaction time and the concentration of TEOS. By maintaining the size of a silver nanoparticle as a core particle at around 7 nm, the size of a silica-coated silver nanoparticle increased from 13 to 28 nm as the reaction time increased from 1 to 9 h due to an increase in silica thickness. The size of silica-coated silver nanoparticles also increased from 15 to 22 nm as the TEOS concentration increased from 7.8 to 40 mM. The size of a silica-coated silver nanoparticle can be accurately predicted using the rate of the hydrolysis reaction for TEOS. Neither the dispersion nor the film of silica-coated silver nanoparticles exhibited any peak shifting during surface plasmon resonance (SPR) at around 410 nm, whereas, without silica coating, the SPR peak of Ag film shifted to 466 nm.
- Hydrolysis reaction rate
- Silica coating
- Surface plasmon resonance (SPR)