Charge transport and recombination in TiO2 brookite-based photoelectrodes

Y. Kusumawati, M. Hosni, M. A. Martoprawiro, S. Cassaignon, Th Pauporté*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The photoactivity of the stable nanosized TiO2 polymorphs is challenging for many advanced applications. In the present work, brookite TiO2 nanoparticles with two different shapes have been used as building blocks for the preparation of pure brookite mesoporous layers. The layers have been characterized before and after sensitization. They have been used as photoanodes in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The cell functioning coupled processes have been investigated by the impedance spectroscopy (IS) technique at various applied voltages and compared to a reference anatase TiO2 solar cell. The investigations of the chemical capacitance and of the charge transfer resistance, Rct, show that, compared to anatase, the brookite surface is less active for the recombination side reaction. The larger Rct is shown to explain the higher open circuit voltage of the brookite cells. However, the charge transport is much slower in the brookite phase due to a lower electrical conductivity. This parameter has been quantified more than 1 order of magnitude lower in the brookite layers compared to the anatase one. On the whole, the efficiency of brookite DSSCs is mainly limited by two parameters, the dye loading and the charge collection efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23459-23467
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume118
Issue number41
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2014
Externally publishedYes

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