UiO-66 and chitosan/UiO-66 composites were successfully synthesized by varying the mass addition of chitosan which were 0%, 2.5%, 5%, 10%, and 20% of the mass of UiO-66, denoted as UiO-66, Cs(2.5)/UiO-66, Cs(5)/UiO-66, Cs(10)/UiO-66, and Cs(20)/UiO-66, respectively. UiO-66 was modified with chitosan using the impregnation process. The X-ray diffraction patterns of the synthesized materials showed characteristic peaks at 2θ of 7.25° and 8.39°, which matched to that of the reported UiO-66. In addition, the Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy spectra of the materials showed absorption bands at the same wavenumber as UiO-66 and chitosan previously reported. The surface morphology of UiO-66 observed from scanning electron microscopy images was in the form of agglomerated small cube particles, where the smaller particles were observed for Cs(10)/UiO-66. From the N2 adsorption isotherms, it was found that the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface areas of UiO-66, Cs(5)/UiO-66, and Cs(10)/UiO-66 materials were 825.7 m2/g, 835.4 m2/g, and 882.2 m2/g, respectively. The results of the study on adsorption of methyl orange in aqueous solutions showed that Cs(5)/UiO-66 had the highest adsorption capacity of 370.37 mg/g and followed the pseudo–second-order adsorption kinetic with a Langmuir isotherm model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100533
JournalMaterials Today Chemistry
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021


  • Adsorption kinetics and thermodynamic
  • Chitosan/Zr-MOF
  • Dye
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Zr-MOF


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