Cladding and Natural Aging of Aluminium Alloy 2024 for Aircraft Application

Helena C.Kis Agustin*, Indra Sidharta*, Astri W. Caesarti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Aluminium alloy 2024 is widely used in the manufacturing of aircraft components such as skin panels for the wing. Generally, the aluminium alloy 2024 is delivered as cold work condition i.e., 2024 T3. However, the aluminium alloy 2024 T3 does not meet the standard for aircraft wing skin. Therefore, further treatments such as cladding and heat treatment are carried out to improve its quality. Cladding was introduced to the 2024 T3 alloy at 495 °C using commercial purity aluminium. Subsequently, T42 heat treatment was introduced to the 2024 T3 alloy at 500 °C for 40 minutes, then followed by quenching and natural aging for 96 hours, yielding 2024 T42 aluminium alloy with cladding (T42 Clad). 2024 T42 aluminium alloy without cladding (T42 Bare) was also obtained by T42 heat treatment of 2024 T3. The effect of cladding and natural aging on mechanical properties is investigated by tensile test and hardness test. Conductivity meter was used to determine the electrical conductivity. Intergranular corrosion test and stress corrosion crack test were performed to investigate the effect of cladding and natural aging on corrosion resistance. Results indicate that the solution treatment and natural aging improve corrosion resistance, mechanical properties, but reduce electrical conductivity values. Cladding gives higher electrical conductivity value and elongation. Both natural aging and cladding treatment provide appropriate aluminium alloy for aircraft wing skins.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationKey Engineering Materials
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Publication series

NameKey Engineering Materials
ISSN (Print)1013-9826
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9795


  • aircraft wing skins
  • aluminium alloy 2024
  • cladding
  • mechanical property
  • natural aging


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