Purpose: Tissue elasticity can be measured and mapped using color Doppler elastography. In a previous study, a binary pattern of shear waves was observed using a color flow imaging (CFI) system with matched pulse Doppler packet size as well as shear wave frequency and displacement condition. In the present study, we demonstrate the possibility of mapping shear wave velocity and resolving phantom elasticity using any commercial ultrasound machine without fulfilling that condition. Methods: We derive a relation between Doppler autocorrelator integration time and the estimated flow velocity. The underlying principles behind the shear wave shadows captured by a typical modern ultrasound machine are investigated. The ultrasound machine measurement preset is calibrated to remove the effect of transducer array scanning delay in modifying the appearing wavenumber and thus correct the measurement error. Results: The method was used to successfully measure the elasticity of a biological tissue-mimicking phantom and distinguish a stiff phantom from a soft phantom. Conclusion: Using this method, the elasticity of a biological tissue-mimicking phantom can be recovered with less strict constraint. As a result, it provides more flexibility to be implemented in common ultrasound machines. This method may be practically used to help identify tissue stiffness-related disease.
- Autocorrelator integration time
- Color flow imaging
- Pulse repetition frequency
- Shear wave velocity
- Tissue elasticity