In Indonesia, construction projects have a high risk of work accidents. The human factor is the cause of work accidents. For example, most workers have low safety awareness. Therefore, the workforce has a significant role in reducing the risk of work accidents. This study aims to build a conceptual model for improving the performance of Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) building construction projects based on behavior and understanding of workplace safety. This research method uses a dynamic system, choosing a dynamic system because this method can explain complex systems over time, time delays and looping between variables. OSH behavior, understanding and performance variables form the dynamic system model to improve OSH performance. Concept scenarios for developing a dynamic system model are financial incentives, OSH training and patrol frequency. This research was conducted in a high-rise building construction project in Surabaya. The results of this study are the dynamic system modeling for improving safety performance into a sub-model of understanding construction OSH, sub-model of building OSH behavior and sub-model of building OSH performance. Meanwhile, the scenario for improving OSH performance is providing financial incentives, training and increasing the frequency of safety patrols.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Second International Conference of Construction, Infrastructure, and Materials - ICCIM 2021
EditorsHan Ay Lie, Monty Sutrisna, Joewono Prasetijo, Bonaventura H.W. Hadikusumo, Leksmono Suryo Putranto
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9789811679483
Publication statusPublished - 2022
Event2nd International Conference of Construction, Infrastructure, and Materials, ICCIM 2021 - Jakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 26 Jul 202126 Jul 2021

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Civil Engineering
ISSN (Print)2366-2557
ISSN (Electronic)2366-2565


Conference2nd International Conference of Construction, Infrastructure, and Materials, ICCIM 2021


  • Behavior
  • Occupational safety
  • Performance
  • Training


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