Introduction of Mn2+ ions into ZnO in the form of Zn(1-x)MnxO (0.00≤x≤0.25) has been done by means of coprecipitation method at low temperature using Zn(CH3COO)22H2O, Mn(CH3COO)24H2O, HCl, and NH4OH as starting materials. The XRD analysis showed that the produced Zn(1-x)MnxO (0.00≤x≤0.09) samples were crystallized in single phase of wurtzite with hexagonal structures. Besides the wurtzite, the presence of the secondary phase of hetaerolite ZnMn2O4 with tetragonal structures was detected in the samples having 0.10≤x≤0.25. The nanometer-sized Zn(1-x)MnxO crystals obtained from XRD analysis were well confirmed by SEM and TEM images. The electron diffraction data showed that the secondary phase formed even for 0.01 and 0.10 Mn-doping samples were ZnMn2O4 and MnO2. The VSM data indicate that the paramagnetic properties of Mn doping occurred at 0.00=x=0.06 and 0.10=x=0.25 as well as superparamagnetic properties occur in Mn doping 0.07≤x≤0.09. The most interesting fact in this study was the formation of secondary phases in all Mn-doped ZnO samples, even for the smallest x of 0.01.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Nano Research|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
- Mn-doped ZnO
- Wurtzite and hetaerolite phases