Current deformation in eastern part of Java derived from GPS observation 2017-2022

Putra Maulida*, Muhammad Rafiq, Yola Asis Herawati, Akbar Kurniawan, Muhammad Taufik

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The eastern part of Java Island is a prone area with high seismic potential. Geologically, the seismicity in this area is dominated by the subduction zone in southern Java, reverse faults structure in the north extending along east to west part of Java Islands, and normal faults in Pasuruan and Probolinggo. Several studies have indicated the potential of earthquakes associated with these sources. The geodetic technique is employed to monitor the deformation activity in the eastern part of Java to understand the characteristics. We utilized the continuous GPS stations operated by Geospatial Agency of Indonesia (BIG) and processed them using the GAMIT/GLOBK software. The processing incorporates the IGS stations surrounding Indonesia. We also used precise orbit and 2nd-order ionospheric correction. The processing produces the velocity in the ITRF2014 reference frame, which generally indicates the south-eastward velocity up to 29 mm/year, mainly influenced by block rotation. Velocity referenced to the Sunda block shows a distinguished pattern between southern Java and northern Java. The velocity pattern in the southern part of Java tends to move northwest with a velocity variation of 3-6 mm/year, while several north stations show a velocity pattern to the south with a variation of 2-4 mm/yr. The strain analysis shows different patterns between eastern and western regions and different characteristics of southern and northern regions. Mainly the deformation is dominated by the compression due to the subduction in the south. Meanwhile, near to the central Java the deformation patterns significantly change due to the appearance of the east-west extension. The result indicates the different distinguished characteristics of the deformation source in the eastern part of Java. This result will have implications for seismic hazard analysis as a contribution to disaster risk reduction in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012023
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event8th Geomatics International Conference, GeoICON 2023 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 27 Jul 2023 → …


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