One time series model developed to predict economic data is Spatial Vector Autoregressive with Exogenous Variables (SpVARX). This model can accommodate simultaneously the interrelationships between variables, the impact of exogenous variables, and Inter-regional linkages. However, this model has not adjusted the nonlinearity relationships between variables. The relationship between economic variables is usually not linear. Therefore, we introduce the Threshold Spatial Vector Autoregressive with exogenous variables (TSpVARX). This paper assesses the forecasting performance of TSpVARX and compares it with SpVARX models. We conducted a simulation study by generating 100 times the simulation data with twelve scenarios. We found that the forecasting performance of the TSpVARX model is better than SpVARX when there is a nonlinear relationship between variables. In addition, we find that the forecasting performance of TSpVARX models will improve as the sample size increases.
- SpVAR Nonlinear
- Vector Autoregressive