Decoding space syntax on the translation of site cluster permeability into building courtyard

F. X.T.B. Samodra*, Irvansyah

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


An urban environment leads to tropical building adaptation by providing sufficient thermal comfort and energy efficiency. For generating the physiological cooling, interconnected attribute of site cluster permeability is translated into lower context such as building scale to provide optimal wind speed to restore thermal comfort. It will be expected to find the critical factor which most influences the performance. Meanwhile, the encoding of the space connectivity to accelerate air movement has been evaluated by previous studies. In this paper, the counter reading of visibility relationships analysis on computational fluid dynamics is conducted and decoded by DepthmapX simulation. The site clusters type of grid, cul-de-sac, and the open area plan of a loop represent housing estates in some tropical regions as the cases. The results highlighted that 50% or more translated air movement from the site to the building scale environment is determined by the dominated warmest connectivity of open space. The potency of energy efficiency is indicated by the capability of accommodating both social connectivity and environmental performance. Furthermore, the code of irregular building patterns by increasing air movement has low spatial and social connectivity because of space depthless. Providing open space for site planning encourages both environmental and social qualities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012041
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 29 Apr 2021
Event20th Sustainable, Environment and Architecture, SENVAR 2020 - Virtual, Online, Indonesia
Duration: 10 Nov 2020 → …


  • site planning
  • thermal comfort
  • urban environment
  • visibility relationships


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