Deep Convolutional Neural Network for Melanoma Image Classification

Rika Rokhana, Wiwiet Herulambang, Rarasmaya Indraswari

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Melanoma is the most aggressive of all skin cancers and its incidence has reached epidemic proportions. It is important to distinguish between benign and malignant melanoma as early as possible to increase the chance of recovery. The development of computational technology, especially machine learning and computer vision, made it possible to classify diseases based on their image. Detection of a disease by using image is beneficial because it can be done more easily, cheaply, quickly, and non-invasively than by using biopsy. The use of conventional machine learning and computer vision method makes their classification performance highly affected by the segmentation result of the skin lesion and the features selected for the classification process. The recent development of deep learning algorithm, such as CNN (Convolutional Neural Network), makes it possible to classify images without going through the process of image segmentation and manual features determination and give high performance with enough training data. Therefore, in this research we propose a deep convolutional neural network (CNN) to classify melanoma images into benign and malignant class. The proposed network architecture consists of several sets of convolutional layers and max-pooling layers, followed by a drop out layer and a fully-connected layer. From the experimental results on 352 test images, the proposed network gives the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 84.76%, 91.97%, and 78.71%. The good performance of the built model hopefully can be developed for real application that can assist the expert to make better diagnosis and treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIES 2020 - International Electronics Symposium
Subtitle of host publicationThe Role of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems for Human Life and Comfort
EditorsAndhik Ampuh Yunanto, Hendhi Hermawan, Mu'arifin Mu'arifin, Tri Hadiah Muliawati, Putu Agus Mahadi Putra, Farida Gamar, Mohamad Ridwan, Artiarini Kusuma N
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages481-486
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781728195308
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020
Externally publishedYes
Event2020 International Electronics Symposium, IES 2020 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 29 Sept 202030 Sept 2020

Publication series

NameIES 2020 - International Electronics Symposium: The Role of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems for Human Life and Comfort

Conference

Conference2020 International Electronics Symposium, IES 2020
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CitySurabaya
Period29/09/2030/09/20

Keywords

  • classification
  • convolutional neural network
  • deep learning
  • melanoma
  • skin cancer

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