Deep Learning for the Detection of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Subtypes on Microscopic Images: A Systematic Literature Review

Tanzilal Mustaqim, Chastine Fatichah*, Nanik Suciati

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Computer vision research in detecting and classifying the subtype Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) has contributed to computer-aided diagnosis with improved accuracy. Another contribution is to serve as an assistant and second opinion for doctors and hematologists in diagnosing the ALL subtype. Early detection can also rely on computer-aided diagnosis to determine initial treatment. The purpose of this study is to review the progress of research in the detection and classification of ALL subtypes. The method's discussion focuses on the application of deep learning to the domain of object detection and classification. Motivations, challenges, and future research recommendations are thoroughly discussed to improve understanding and progress in this field of study. The study was carried out methodically by analyzing a collection of papers on the detection and classification of ALL subtypes published in science direct, IEEE, and PubMed from 2018 to 2022. The analysis of this paper field is included in the results of the selected paper. The paper selection from among 65 papers was based on inclusion and exclusion methods. Based on research methods and objectives, papers are divided into two large groups. The first group discusses the classification of ALL subtypes, while the second group discusses the detection of ALL subtypes. The discussion of prior research reveals some challenging issues and future work, such as the limited availability of the ALL subtypes dataset, the high computational complexity of the deep learning model, and further exploration of transformers in computer vision as a reference for research gaps that can contribute to future research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16108-16127
Number of pages20
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Acute lymphoblastic leukemia subtypes
  • CNN
  • blood cancer
  • blood microscopy
  • deep learning
  • object detection


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