Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) is a spectroscopy-based measurement technique that is capable of rapid and accurate qualitative, as well as quantitative, analysis of elemental ingredients either in solid (either for organic or inorganic compounds), liquid, or gaseous samples. Unfortunately, this is not the case for powdered samples, where the focused laser beam will disperse the powder. This can be overcome by making the powder into pellets. But it has an inherent drawback, i.e., the minimum amount of powder is about 0.2 g to obtain a good detectable signal. To cope with this unfavorable condition, especially for the amount of powder less than 0.1 mg, we proposed a sub-target deposition method to make the pellets in this reported work. Using this method, the analyzed powder was deposited into an indented hole on a pellet substrate of KBr with the following optimum conditions, i.e., pellet's pressing pressure of 400 kPa, laser energy of 120 mJ, and a sample's heating temperature of 70°C. Microanalyses of standard powdered samples of PbO, CuO, and ZnO have been carried out with estimated detection limits of 4.7 μg, 4.6 μg, and 3.9 μg, respectively. So, this method can be used to analyze small amounts (in the microgram range) of powdered samples.
- deposition-pellet preparation technique
- detection limit
- laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (libs)
- powdered samples