Detection of subsurface water pipeline under SZJT Track Using Ground-Penetrating Radar Method

Mariyanto Mariyanto*, Wahyudi W. Parnadi, Rayhan Farisi Ramadhan, J. P.G.N. Rochman, Siti Zulaikah

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Surabaya's public facilities and rapid infrastructure development will change the physical environment and require careful attention in all aspects of development. One aspect is the location determination of subsurface objects such as gas pipes, electrical cable lines, and water pipes. Lack of pipeline management and mapping can fail underground pipeline identification during excavation. The subsurface water pipe is one of the most important things to support people's needs. Knowing the location of these pipes is essential for government agencies in carrying out maintenance, pipeline development, and repair activities. We identified the subsurface water pipeline using the Ground-Penetrating Radar (GPR) method. It is because of a non-destructive working type and very well applied in investigating underground infrastructure with significant electromagnetic contrast with the surrounding soil. We conducted this research around Surabaya Zoo and Joyoboyo Terminal (SZJT) track. We conducted data acquisition with the GPR GSSI SIR-3000 system with a shielded antenna frequency of 270 MHz on 21 measurement lines (JB07 to JB27). The aim is to determine the location, depth, and structure of the subsurface water pipeline at the research location. We processed the measurement data using MatGPR R-3.1 software by adjusting signal position, dc removal, dewow, median filter, inverse amplitude decay, background removal, K-L filter, bandpass filter, and time-to-depth conversion. We conducted 2-D and 2.5-D modeling to visualize the water pipeline. A hyperbolic anomaly, suspected to be a water pipe, is detected from the presence of high amplitude at a depth of 1 – 2 meters, which we saw in almost every line with velocity values from 0.0609 - 0.113 m/ns and dielectric constant value of 7.05 – 24.27. The 2.5-D modeling shows that the water pipeline continues from the research location's south (Surabaya River) to the north.


  • Ground-Penetrating Radar
  • dielectric constant
  • subsurface water pipeline


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