Development of high-performance anode/electrolyte/cathode micro-tubular solid oxide fuel cell via phase inversion-based co-extrusion/co-sintering technique

Mazlinda Ab Rahman, Mohd Hafiz Dzarfan Othman*, Hamzah Fansuri, Zawati Harun, Ahmad Faiq Omar, Hazrul Adzfar Shabri, Jeganes Ravi, Mukhlis A. Rahman, Juhana Jaafar, Ahmad Fauzi Ismail, Nafisah Osman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A complete set of triple-layer (anode/electrolyte/cathode) hollow fiber for high temperature micro-tubular solid oxide fuel cell (MT-SOFC) consisting of nickel oxide (NiO) – yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ)/YSZ/lanthanum strontium manganite (LSM) – YSZ has been successfully fabricated in this study. A simplified fabrication technique of phase inversion-based co-extrusion/co-sintering has yielded a perfectly bounded sandwich structure with free-delamination and defect layers. The effect of co-sintering temperatures (1300 °C–1450 °C) on the morphologies, elemental distributions, electrolyte gas-tightness, mechanical strength, electrochemical performance and the impedance spectra test are well-inspected. The increase of co-sintering temperature has significant effects on the anode finger-like micro-channels shrinkage where the voids become very sharp-thin structure; and developing a thin gas-tight electrolyte layer. Whereas, rapid co-sintering rate (10 °C min−1) and large particle size of 3–5 μm (micron) of YSZ has hindered the formation of fully dense cathode layer resulting from higher co-sintering temperature. Correspondingly, with only 0.1116 Ωcm2 value of area-specific resistance (ASR), a maximum power density has increased from 0.34 W cm−2 to 0.75 W cm−2 with 1.05 V OCV at 700 °C when the co-sintering temperature ranging from 1400 °C to 1450 °C; which comparable with single-layer counterpart.

Original languageEnglish
Article number228345
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume467
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Boundary-less structure
  • Co-extrusion/co-sintering
  • MT-SOFC
  • Simplified technique

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