Development of natural fibers from banana's stem as composite reinforcer

Susilo Indrawati*, Andy Maligi, Mochamad Zainuri, Darminto Darminto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

The natural fiber prepared from the banana stem is a potential alternative reinforcer to enhance the mechanical properties of composite materials. The fibers have been extracted successfully from various species of banana, that are Abaca (Musa textilis), Kepok (Musa acuminata) and Klutuk (Musa balbisiana). The fiber extraction was undergone an alkaline treatment, i.e., by immersion in 0.5% NaOH, and then in 50% acetic acid, each for an hour. Characterization of fiber with different treatment immersion mediums for functional groups using FTIR. It shows a reduction of concentration lignin and hemicellulose content in the fibers. Furthermore, from a fiber tensile test, the tensile strength of the fibers are 1106.7, 398, and 432.5 MPa for each kind fiber banana. The Abaca's fiber is shown to have a superior mechanical property, which will be competitive for a composite reinforcer.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2nd International Symposium on Physics and Applications 2021
EditorsRetno Asih, Nasori, Saifuddin, Muhammad Haekal
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735444676
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 May 2023
Event2nd International Symposium on Physics and Applications 2021, ISPA 2021 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 13 Nov 202114 Nov 2021

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2604
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference2nd International Symposium on Physics and Applications 2021, ISPA 2021
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CitySurabaya
Period13/11/2114/11/21

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