Direct synthesis of Al-HKUST-1 was successfully carried out using the solvothermal method. The Al2O3 added into the reaction mixture was varied at 10, 20, 40, and 80% with respect to the weight of HKUST-1. The diffractogram patterns of the synthesized HKUST-1 and Al-HKUST-1 displayed characteristic peaks at 2θ of 6.5, 9.3, 11.4 and 13.3°, where all of these matched with that of the HKUST-1 standard. The FTIR spectra of the synthesized materials demonstrated an adsorption band at the same wavenumber as the reported HKUST-1. The surface morphology of the synthesized HKUST-1 had an octahedral form, whereas the synthesized Al-HKUST-1 had a random surface morphology. The N2 adsorption–desorption isotherms showed that the specific surface areas of Al(10)-HKUST-1 and Al(40)-HKUST-1 were 512.6 dan 380.9 m2/g respectively, all of which were smaller than HKUST-1, which was 784.1 m2/g. The measurement results of the adsorption capacity of Al-HKUST-1 against congo red dye (CR) in water showed that Al(20)-HKUST-1 had the highest adsorption capacity of 315.15 mg/g, and followed the pseudo-second order kinetic and Langmuir isothermal adsorption.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100773
JournalNano-Structures and Nano-Objects
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


  • Adsorption
  • Al-HKUST-1
  • Congo red
  • HKUST-1
  • Water treatment


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