The dynamic behavior of a partially debonded Ferry Ro-Ro's sandwich car deck is investigated by using commercial finite element software ABAQUS. Debonding in the car deck model is estimated by comparing the dynamic responses of the fully intact and damaged model of the bonding condition. The influence of the debonding ratio is investigated by free vibration analysis using Lanczos iteration method. The dynamic response of the car deck model is loaded with harmonic excitation and is examined in detail. The transverse displacements, velocities, accelerations, longitudinal strains, and phase portraits are investigated in the central point of the damaged area. To evaluate the effect of inserting the spring contact element during the dynamic analysis, both debonded models with and without spring contact elements are examined. From the report, it can be concluded that the dynamic analysis which relies on the modal analysis can be used to diagnose the possibility of debonding problem in the car deck structure. The natural frequencies of the debonded model decrease due to the presence of discontinuity in the debonded region. Further, the discontinuity also creates locally concentrated deformation and significantly affects the short-term time response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)424-433
Number of pages10
JournalOpen Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • damage detection
  • dynamic analysis
  • ferry ro-ro car deck
  • finite element analysis
  • skin-to-core debonding


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