Effect of Chloride Ions on Concrete with Geopolymer Coatings in Coastal Area

S. F. Nastiti*, J. J. Ekaputri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


This paper presents the effects of chloride ions on OPC (Ordinary Portland Cement) concrete coated with fly ash-based geopolymer mortar. The coating was applied to protect concrete in coastal areas. The mortar was a mixture of fly ash and alkali activator with a mass ratio of 65:35. The alkali activator was a mixture of Na2SiO3 and NaOH 12M with a mass ratio of 2.5:1. The coating thickness varied at 2.5 cm, 4 cm, and 6 cm. All specimens were exposed to a marine area with seawater curing for 90 days. The mechanical properties of the specimen were determined by compressive strength. Chloride penetration was assessed for durability. A series of tests were carried out after 0, 30, 60, and 90 days of immersion. Compressive strength after a 90-day immersion increased by 34.16%, 39.81% and 31.38% for thickness 2.5 cm, 4 cm, and 6 cm respectively. Compressive strength with a thickness of 4 cm reached 52 MPa, which was the highest strength. The binding capacity of the chloride in geopolymer coatings was more than 80% and could reduce the free chloride content in concrete. Geopolymer mortar coating on OPC concrete showed good results in compressive strength and resistance to chloride attack from sea water. The recommended coating thickness for optimum results suitable for application is 4 cm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012043
JournalIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2020
EventJoint International Conference on Civil, Environmental, and Geo Engineering 2019, JIC-CEGE 2019 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 1 Oct 20192 Oct 2019


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