Effect of concentration and nozzle-collector distance on the morphology of nanofibers

Iim Fatimah*, Tri Ilma Sari, Diky Anggoro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Electrospinning is a method for creating nanofibers by utilizing an electric field produced by high voltage. Electrospinning process is influenced by several factors including the concentration of the solution, conductivity, viscosity, volatility, surface tension, electric field strength between the needle and the collector, feed/flow rate and environmental conditions such as temperature, humidity and air composition. The electrospinning parameters that most influence the size of the fiber are concentration of the solution and the distance between nozzle and collector. In the process of electrospinning, PVA solutions that are handled by high DC voltage get an electrostatic force and electric field. The solution will elongate to form a Taylor cone, then a jet of polymer will undergo thinning and evaporation to form fibers in the collector. The results of morphological analysis using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) showed that the smallest nanofiber was obtained at a solution concentration of 5%, DC high voltage of 10 kV, and the distance of the nozzle to collector was 15 cm.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPhysics Symposium
Subtitle of host publicationKey Research in Materials Science
EditorsAyi Bahtiar, Togar Saragi, Sahrul Hidayat, Lusi Safriani
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9783035716979
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event4th Padjadjaran International Physics Symposium, PIPS 2019 - Bandung, Indonesia
Duration: 13 Nov 201914 Nov 2019

Publication series

NameKey Engineering Materials
Volume860 KEM
ISSN (Print)1013-9826
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9795


Conference4th Padjadjaran International Physics Symposium, PIPS 2019


  • Concentration
  • Electrospinning
  • Morphology
  • Nanofibers


Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of concentration and nozzle-collector distance on the morphology of nanofibers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this