Effect of current and travel speed variation of TIG welding on microstructure and hardness of stainless steel SS 316L

Wikan Jatimurti*, Fakhri Aulia Abdillah, Budi Agung Kurniawan, Rochman Rochiem

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One of the stainless steel types that widely used in industry is SS 316L, which is austenitic stainless steel. One of the welding methods to join stainless steel is Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG), which can affect its morphology, microstructure, strength, hardness, and even lead to cracks in the weld area due to the given heat input. This research has a purpose of analyzing the relationship between microstructure and hardness value of SS 316L stainless steel after TIG welding with the variation of current and travel speed. The macro observation shows a distinct difference in the weld metal and base metal area, and the weld form is not symmetrical. The metallographic test shows the phases that formed in the specimen are austenite and ferrite, which scattered in three welding areas. The hardness test showed that the highest hardness value found in the variation of travel speed 12 cm/min with current 100 A. Welding process and variation were given do not cause any defects in the microstructure, such as carbide precipitation and sigma phase, means that it does not affect the hardness and corrosion resistance of all welded specimen.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Materials and Metallurgical Engineering and Technology, ICOMMET 2017
Subtitle of host publicationAdvancing Innovation in Materials Science, Technology and Applications for Sustainable Future
EditorsMas Irfan P. Hidayat
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735416406
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2018
Event3rd International Conference on Materials and Metallurgical Engineering and Technology: Advancing Innovation in Materials Science, Technology and Applications for Sustainable Future, ICOMMET 2017 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 30 Oct 201731 Oct 2017

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1945
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference3rd International Conference on Materials and Metallurgical Engineering and Technology: Advancing Innovation in Materials Science, Technology and Applications for Sustainable Future, ICOMMET 2017
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CitySurabaya
Period30/10/1731/10/17

Keywords

  • SS 316L
  • TIG
  • current
  • hardness
  • microstructure
  • travel speed

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