The vortex gravity system consists of a tube basin, a canal (worksection) and a water tank. Water is pumped into the upper tanker and flowed into the canal by opening the valve which then hits the tube basin and creates a whirlpool. The water that hits the tube and enters the outlet hole goes down to the lower tank and is circulated back to the upper tank. The outlet hole in the tube has 4 sizes and the tube size has 3 sizes. This study is based on experimental tests to determine the flow performance of the outlet diameter of the tube against the formation of vortices in the vortex tube. From several existing studies, the type of outlet hole in this tube has not been thoroughly studied. From the analysis results, it can be seen the difference in the results of each outlet size in the tube basin. With this question, this study aims to determine the strength of the vortex of the parameters that must be looked for, namely Water Flow Discharge (m3 / s), velocity (m / s), and Total Head Water (m). The vortex gravity system on a laboratory scale, based on previous studies or studies varying the diameter of the vortex tube and tube outlet hole, this study examined the effect of differences on the diameter of the vortex tube and the outlet hole of the tube basin. From the calculation of the vortex strength at the outlet hole of 25 cm, the results of the vortex strength are 7.53 m2 / s; 22.60 m2 / s; 45.21 m2 / s; 52.75 m2 / s. After that, proceed with the calculation of the outlet hole of 30 cm, the results of the vortex strength are 12.24 m2 / s; 28.26 m2 / s; 45.21 m2 / s; 56.52 m2 / s. Furthermore, the calculation at the 35 cm outlet hole obtained the vortex strength of 14.13 m2 / s; 30.14 m2 / s; 42.39 m2 / s; 60.28 m2 / s. the occurrence of fluctuation in the vortex strength results due to the energy available in the extracted water flow after hitting the outlet hole in the vortex tube. The graph produced in this calculation shows that the highest vortex strength occurs in a tube with a diameter of 35 cm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012042
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2021
Event2nd International Conference on Advanced Engineering and Technology, ICATECH 2020 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 26 Sept 2020 → …


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