Effect of rgo addition toward photocatalyst properties of zno/rgo/tio2 for rhodamine b degradation

Haniffudin Nurdiansah*, Diah Susanti, Rena Eka Firlyana, Hariyati Purwaningsih

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The growth of the textile industry in Indonesia has resulted in increased textile dye waste production. Rhodamine B is one of the dyes that are often used in the textile industry. The use of these dyes will cause serious environmental and biological problems, even able to induce irritation of the skin and eyes. Thus, it is necessary to filter dyes from the textile industry waste in Indonesia. Some conventional methods for removing Rhodamine B are carried out by biochemical and physical-chemical methods, such as liquid membranes, ozonation and adsorption, but this method requires expensive and not very effective costs. One alternative method that can be applied in Indonesia is photocatalysts. Photocatalytics are processes where light and catalyst are simultaneously used to accelerate chemical reactions. In this study, the photocatalyst used was semiconductor material ZnO and TiO2 with the addition of rGO. rGO synthesis was carried out using the Hummer method, for the synthesis of ZnO using Zinc powder as a precursor, and the synthesis of TiO2 using precursor of TiCl3. This study was conducted to analyze the effect of adding 5%, 10%, and 15% rGO to the photocatalytic properties of ZnO / rGO / TiO2 composites for degradation of Rhodamine B. The characterization process carried out in this study included XRD, SEM & EDX, FTIR, and photocatalytic testing. Photocatalyst materials ZnO / rGO / TiO2 with variations in the amount of rGO were synthesized as evidenced by XRD testing, where there was a peak for all three component, SEM, shows the morphology of Zn in the form of hexagonal nano rod, rGO in the form of transparent sheets and TiO2 in the form of agglomerated balls. From FTIR testing, rGO and TiO2 functional groups were seen. The highest efficiency for degradation of Rhodamine-B was obtained for the addition of 15% rGO with a 5-hour irradiation time, ie its efficiency reached 96.92% in degradation of Rhodamine B.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSeminar on Materials Science and Technology
EditorsLukman Noerochim
PublisherTrans Tech Publications Ltd
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9783035714340
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event4th International Seminar on Science and Technology, ISST 2018 - Surabaya, Indonesia
Duration: 9 Aug 20189 Aug 2018

Publication series

NameMaterials Science Forum
Volume964 MSF
ISSN (Print)0255-5476
ISSN (Electronic)1662-9752


Conference4th International Seminar on Science and Technology, ISST 2018


  • Graphene
  • Photocatalytic
  • Rhodamine B
  • ZnO / rGO / TiO


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