Efficiency of the non-maximally entangled quantum Otto engine

Heru Sukamto, Lila Yuwana, Agus Purwanto*, Sithi V. Muniandy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We generalized the maximally entangled Hamiltonian of the isotropic Heisenberg XX model with two spin-1/2 particles to the case of non-maximal entanglement parametrized by the degree of non-maximality 0 < n < 1. The thermal concurrence as the function of the degree of non-maximality in the entanglement at different values of the exchange parameter is calculated. We analyzed the efficiency of the quantum Otto engine for different scenarios of exchange parameter regimes and the degree of maximal entanglement between the spin states. We showed that it is possible to run the quantum Otto engine using non-maximally entangled states and achieve higher efficiencies by controlling the exchange parameter value with respect to a critical value J c and this feature also depends on the degree of non-maximal entanglement n ≠ 1. This result may be useful for harnessing the non-maximal entanglement in quantum heat engine for optimizing the operation of quantum devices interacting with heat bath or environment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number045302
JournalPhysica Scripta
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2024


  • Otto engine
  • efficiency
  • entanglement
  • quantum


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