Energy-Use and Indoor Thermal Performance in Junior High School Building after Air-Conditioning Installation with the Private Finance Initiative

Dian Sekartaji*, Yuji Ryu, Didit Novianto, Kazuma Eto, Weijun Gao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Japan’s government has adopted the “Private Finance Initiative (PFI)” as a project method for monitoring “air-conditioning (AC)” performance after AC installation projects to overcome heatstroke increase in schools during the summer. However, this project was conducted long after schools were built, which raises the question: what is the AC “energy-use (EU)” and how comfortable will the classroom be when it is installed without going through the planning stage? Minimizing AC EU while keeping indoor thermal comfort is the main concern for low-carbon building design technology development. This research aims to evaluate the AC EU and summer indoor thermal comfort in classrooms by position and zone. This research method analyzes PFI monitoring data, field measurement data, and questionnaires with sensitivity analysis. It found that AC EU in the summer was higher than in the winter. In addition, the AC setting temperatures in the summer (cooling) were below the government-recommended value of 28 °C. Although the indoor thermal comfort percentage in the summer had reached 75.3%, there was a seating position with a smaller comfort percentage than others. The result further shows that most students felt “neutral”. However, the number of students who felt “slightly cool” and “cool” were more than those who felt “slightly warm” and “warm”.

Original languageEnglish
Article number455
JournalBuildings
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023

Keywords

  • PFI
  • air-conditioning
  • classrooms
  • energy use
  • indoor thermal environment
  • junior high school
  • low-carbon building

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