Enhanced production of hydrogen via catalytic methane decomposition on a Pt7-Ni (110) substrate: a reactive molecular dynamics investigation

Rizal Arifin*, Zulkarnain, Abdurrouf, Yoyok Winardi, Didik Riyanto, Darminto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Numerous researchers in the energy field are engaged in a competitive race to advance hydrogen as a clean and environmentally friendly fuel. Studies have been conducted on the different aspects of hydrogen, including its production, storage, transportation and utilization. The catalytic methane decomposition technique for hydrogen production is an environmentally friendly process that avoids generating carbon dioxide gas, which contributes to the greenhouse effect. Catalysts play a crucial role in facilitating rapid, cost-effective and efficient production of hydrogen using this technique. In this study, reactive molecular dynamics simulations were employed to examine the impact of Pt7 cluster decoration on the surface of a Ni (110) catalyst, referred to as Pt7-Ni (110), on the rates of methane dissociation and molecular hydrogen production. The reactive force field was employed to model the atomic interactions that enabled the formation and dissociation of chemical bonds. Our reactive molecular dynamics simulations using the Pt7-Ni (110) catalyst revealed a notable decrease in the number of methane molecules, specifically ~11.89 molecules per picosecond. The rate was approximately four times higher than that of the simulation system utilizing a Ni (110) catalyst and approximately six times higher than that of the pure methane, no-catalyst system. The number of hydrogen molecules generated during a simulation period of 150000 fs was greater on the Pt7-Ni (110) surface than in both the Ni (110) and pure methane systems. This was due to the presence of numerous dissociated hydrogen atoms on the Pt7-Ni (110) surface.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-176
Number of pages9
JournalClean Energy
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2024

Keywords

  • Ni (110)
  • Pt cluster
  • catalytic methane decomposition
  • hydrogen production
  • reactive molecular dynamics

Cite this