Estimation curve of multivariate adaptive biresponse fuzzy clustering means regression splines approach to stunting and wasting cases in Southeast Sulawesi

Mira Meilisa, Bambang Widjanarko Otok*, Jerry Dwi Trijoyo Purnomo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article offers a new method of clustering data. This method is constructed by combining the multivariate adaptive regression spline biresponse continuous model (MARSBC) with the fuzzy clustering means (FCM) approach, called the multivariate adaptive biresponse fuzzy clustering means regression splines (MABFCMRS) model. This method uses patterns obtained from the MARSBC model to separate data into specific groups. Observing unobserved heterogeneity that has not been obtained from previous models. Unlike the classic fuzzy clustering methods that use euclid distances to determine the weight of the object, this method uses the total square of the massed residual distance generated by the MARSBC model. Theoretical studies were conducted to obtain predictions for the MABFCMRS model parameters. Furthermore, this method was applied to stunting and wasting cases in southeastern Sulawesi province. The results of the research show that in the case of stunting modeling and wasting in southeast Sulawesi province, the best clusters were obtained based on the criteria of partition coefficient (PC) and modification of PC (MPC). This research is able to show that the clustering process using the MABFCMRS model has been able to improve generalized cross-validation (GCV) values and determination coefficients. • This paper presents a new, effective method for clustering data based on unobserved heterogeneity. • This is applicable to sizable samples with 3 to 20 predictors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102775
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2024


  • FCM
  • Stunting
  • Wasting

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