Evaluating the Interoperability of C4ISR System using Cyber Six-ware Framework

Arifin Hutomo, Iwan Nofi Yono Putro, Lailatul Qomariyah, Soufi Jayanti Ningsih, Ahmad Farid Wadjdi, Andrian Andaya Lestari, Rudy A.G. Gultom, Susilo Adi Purwantoro, Pujo Widodo, Gita Amperiawan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Some scientists say that there are many difficulties in assessing the development of interoperability in command, control, communication, computer, intelligence, reconnaissance, and surveillance systems (C4ISR interoperability). What are the difficulties? The often encountered problem is determining the dominant factor in developing C4ISR with different platforms from various defense equipment manufacturers used by each military domain. It is an interoperability discourse that is quite challenging to study continuously according to the surrounding technology development. This study proposes a cyber-sixware framework based on six attributes: Brainware, hardware, software, infrastructure-ware, firmware, and budget-ware. In this study, we ask two questions: What are the dominant factors in developing C4ISR related to interoperability experts have studied in the last five years? What are the primary considerations in developing C4ISR related to operability issues at LEN Corp? To answer, we designed mixed-method research. Firstly, we did a systematic literature review to gather and focus the materials for questionnaires and interviews. Secondly, we conducted data collection via an 'online world cafe' that involved 26 experts in two rounds of data collection. In the discussion, we designed a 60-item questionnaire based on a cyber-sixware framework with Cronbach-alpha 0.96. Thirdly, we work on data analysis to formulate conclusions and a recommendation. We analyze the data using text analysis and linear regression to predict the most influential factors of C4ISR interoperability. The findings of this study indicate that the focus of expert research in the field of C4ISR interoperability in the last five years has been on infrastructure, hardware, and brainware. Meanwhile, the significant strength of C4ISR interoperability development at LEN Corp is in software and firmware. Based on the result, we recommend LEN Corp development steps to continue emphasizing the strength of 'software' besides firmware, brainware and overcome the dominant weakness, namely budgetware.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 International Conference on Advanced Computer Science and Information Systems, ICACSIS 2021
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781665442640
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes
Event13th International Conference on Advanced Computer Science and Information Systems, ICACSIS 2021 - Depok, Indonesia
Duration: 23 Oct 202126 Oct 2021

Publication series

Name2021 International Conference on Advanced Computer Science and Information Systems, ICACSIS 2021

Conference

Conference13th International Conference on Advanced Computer Science and Information Systems, ICACSIS 2021
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityDepok
Period23/10/2126/10/21

Keywords

  • C4ISR
  • cyber-sixware framework
  • interoperability
  • regression
  • systematic literature review

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