Evidence of microplastics in leachate of Randegan landfill, Mojokerto City, Indonesia, and its potential to pollute surface water

Yulinah Trihadiningrum*, Susi Agustina Wilujeng, Rafimarsa Tafaqury, Deqi Rizkivia Radita, Arlini Dyah Radityaningrum

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


About 80–90 tons municipal solid waste (MSW) in Mojokerto City, Indonesia, is disposed of into Randegan landfill daily. The landfill was facilitated with a conventional leachate treatment plant (LTP). The plastic waste component in the MSW, which is 13.22 % weight, possibly contaminates leachate with microplastics (MPs). This research aims to determine the presence of MPs in leachate of the landfill, its characteristics, and the removal efficiency of the LTP. The potential of leachate as MP pollutant source to surface water was also discussed. Raw leachate samples were collected from the LTP inlet channel. Leachate samples were also taken from each LTP's sub-units. Leachate collection was performed two times using a 2.5 L glass bottle during March 2022. The MPs were treated using Wet Peroxide Oxidation method, and filtered using PTFE membrane. MP size and shape were determined using a dissecting microscope with 40–60 x magnifications. The polymer types in the samples were identified using Thermo Scientific™ Nicolet™ iS™ 10 FTIR Spectrometer. The average MP abundance in raw leachate was 9.00 ± 0.85 particles/L. MP shape in the raw leachate was dominated by fiber (64.44 %), followed by fragment (28.89 %), and film (6.67 %). The majority of the MPs were of black color (53.33 %). Abundance of 350 - <1000 μm sized MPs was the highest (64.44 %) in the raw leachate, followed by those of 100–350 μm (31.11 %), and 1000–5000 μm (4.45 %). MP removal efficiency of the LTP was 75.6 %, leaving <100 μm fiber shaped MP residuals of 2.20 ± 0.28 p/L in the effluent. Based on these results, effluent of the LTP is considered potential as MP contamination source to surface water.

Original languageEnglish
Article number162207
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2023


  • Abundance
  • Characteristics
  • Landfill
  • Leachate
  • Microplastics


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