Extraction of kaffir lime essential oil (Citrus hystrix DC.) with ethanol/n-hexane solvents

Anik Andayani, Maudina Alfira Adzany, Putri Amalia Devianda, Annas Wiguno, Kuswandi Kuswandi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Essential oil is a commodity that has a great potential in Indonesia. Essential oils derived from kaffir lime are widely used in the food, beverage, pharmaceutical, flavor, perfume, dye and other industries. Kaffir lime essential oil contains several main chemical compounds, namely citronellal, b-pinene, citronellol, linalool and geraniol with different benefits. The oil can be extracted by several methods, one of which is extraction using a solvent. The stages in the extraction of kaffir lime essential oil are pre-treatment, extraction, purification, and analysis. The extraction with n-hexane solvent was carried out at temperature of 69°C and the extraction with ethanol solvent was at 78°C, with a variable portion of kaffir lime as raw material, the effect of pre-treatment and type of solvent on yield essential oil. The results of the identification of the highest compounds were obtained for: essential oil of dried kaffir lime leaves with n-hexane as solvent, namely citronellal with a concentration of 39.57%, essential oil of dried kaffir lime peels with n-hexane solvent, namely b-pinene with a concentration of 19.57%, essential oil of dried kaffir lime leaves with ethanol solvent, namely 9,12,15-Octadecatrienoic acid, with a concentration of 20.91%, and essential oil of dried kaffir lime peels with ethanol solvent, namely pentadecanoic acid with a concentration of 33.35%.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2nd International Symposium of Indonesian Chemical Engineering 2021
Subtitle of host publicationEnhancing Innovations and Applications of Chemical Engineering for Accelerating Sustainable Development Goals
EditorsAprilina Purbasari, Dessy Ariyanti, Suherman, Andri Cahyo Kumoro, Tutuk Djoko Kusworo, Mohamad Djaeni
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735443365
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2023
Event2nd International Symposium of Indonesian Chemical Engineering 2021: Enhancing Innovations and Applications of Chemical Engineering for Accelerating Sustainable Development Goals, ISIChem 2021 - Semarang, Virtual, Indonesia
Duration: 6 Oct 20217 Oct 2021

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2667
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference2nd International Symposium of Indonesian Chemical Engineering 2021: Enhancing Innovations and Applications of Chemical Engineering for Accelerating Sustainable Development Goals, ISIChem 2021
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CitySemarang, Virtual
Period6/10/217/10/21

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